Developmental Coordination Disorder/ Dyspraxia

Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD), also called dyspraxia, is a neurodevelopmental condition which means it is part of the make-up of the brain.

It is characterised by specific difficulties with coordination, motor planning and motor control which can affect any or all movements, including those required for speech (verbal dyspraxia).

These impairments in movement planning and the development of motor coordination interfere with academic achievement or the activities of daily living and are not due to a general medical condition (eg. cerebral palsy). DCD is a component of DAMP.

DCD is sometimes called the ‘hidden condition’ but it can have a very deepreaching impact on every aspect of daily functioning. Core problems involve difficulties in planning and carrying out complex, sequenced actions. Attention is drawn to fine and gross motor skills.

Possible features

  • Clumsiness
  • Delays in achieving milestones
  • Difficulties with activities (eg catching a ball, balancing, tying shoe laces, doing up buttons)
  • Poor handwriting, spelling, difficulties with reading
  • Difficulties with organisation, attention and concentration
  • Poor working memory
  • Difficulties with mood and behaviour
  • Hypersensitivity (touch, smells, sounds)

Associated difficulties

  • Reading
  • Mathematics
  • Social and non-verbal communication
  • Receptive and expressive language
  • Concentration and attention
  • Self esteem
  • Frustration

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