Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

ADHD is a neuro-developmental condition – which means it is part of the make-up of the brain.

A person with ADHD will almost certainly have difficulties with impulsiveness, inattention and hyperactivity. They may be unable to sit still, plan ahead, finish tasks or (because of their short attention span) be unaware of what is going on around them.

However, on a good day, they may seem fine – leading others to think the person with ADHD can actually control his/her behaviour. This leads to frustration and misunderstanding on both sides of the fence.

Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD)

ADD is a more recently identified condition. Characteristics of this can include lethargy, day dreaming and a sense of confusion. In ADD, sluggish behaviour replaces hyperactivity.

Core symptoms of ADHD

  • Inattentiveness
  • Impulsiveness
  • Hyperactivity (or, with ADD, lethargy and a sense of confusion – 'sluggish')

Possible features of ADHD

  • Inconsistency
  • Short-term memory problems
  • Lack of organisation
  • Difficulty with time management
  • Reduced motivation
  • Insatiability
  • Hypersensitivity
  • Physical symptoms (eg. headaches)
  • Poor social skills
  • Impaired relationships
  • Low self esteem
  • Learning delay

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