Dyslexia is a neuro-developmental condition characterised by specific problems in learning to read and write.

It is best described as a combination of abilities and difficulties that affect the learning processes in reading, spelling and/or writing but are not due to intellectual impairment. The dyslexias are often referred to as Specific Learning Difficulties (SLDs).

Although dyslexia often causes significant problems in the classroom – especially if not spotted early in life – it does not hinder the development of intellectual talents.

Possible features of dyslexia

  • Poor working memory
  • Difficulties with phonology – the sounds in words
  • Problems in distinguishing left and right
  • Poor sense of direction
  • Difficulties with time and tense
  • Visual and auditory perceptual difficulties
  • Unexpectedly poor reading in relation to general ability
  • Spelling problems
  • Difficulty remembering telephone numbers and appointments
  • Bad handwriting
  • Difficulty learning things by rote (eg. months of the year)
  • Poor concentration

Associated difficulties

Dyscalculia – specific difficulties with mathematics

Dysgraphia – specific difficulties in the ability to write that are not associated with the ability to read or due to intellectual impairment.

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